Caucasus and the Middle East. In practice, both strategies have been intertwined long ago and everywhere. The terroristic attacks in September 2001 in the United States convincingly demonstrated that in the present conditions a united and well-funded group of people is able not only to inflict heavy destruction to the strongest state in the world, but also destabilize the global economy and shake the entire system of international relations.
Actually, terrorism is a part of the global reorganization plan brought forward by radical Islamists, a tool for achieving global domination, allowing achieving maximum effects with minimum efforts. Terroristic attacks in recent years have shown that the entire civilized world is threatened. Mankind turned to be unprepared to respond to terroristic activities of such magnitude, since the international security system is aimed at preventing and neutralizing of mainly military actions by states and military-political blocs. The present institutional and legal framework does not meet the new challenges to a large extent and is inefficient for a large-scale fight against terrorism. The complexity of the fight against terrorism arises from the uncertainty of the concepts “terror” and “terrorism” themselves, which are of political rather than of scientific nature.
They are interpreted in different ways and are filled with different contents. The same actions are often treated as terroristic and as a struggle for national liberation. There is not also a common understanding of what is meant by “accessory to terrorism”. The international and national law reflects only some local manifestations of the phenomenon of terrorism: the seizure of ships and aircraft, attack on highranking officials.