Without such knowledge it is impossible to predict the actions of terrorists, take preventive and responsive measures to ensure security at the regional and international scale. European citizens, businesses and administrations are increasingly dependent on Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for their daily activities. ICTs boost productivity, innovation, commercial exchanges and societal changes.


Hence, the actual or perceived lack of security of digital technologies is putting at risk the European economy and society. Moreover, criminal actors have now widely embraced the new technologies to perpetrate crime. Therefore, Worldwide cybersecurity, has become a political and economic priority. It is, thus only natural that cyber security has become part of the Secure Societies Challenge. Securing the society against disasters is one of the central elements of the functioning of any society.


There is barely any societal sector which is not to some extent concerned by disasters and related resilience and security issues. In this respect the main task of domain research is to reduce the loss of human life, environmental, economic and material damage from natural and man-made disasters, including extreme weather events, crime and terrorism threats. A fast detection of exposure or contamination with CBRN substances (including toxins) using traceable tools and rapid identification of critically exposed individuals is essential to gain time in the triage of victims in case of accidents or terrorist attack.